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INFILTRATION ALBERT SPEER PDF

Dive deep into Albert Speer’s Infiltration with extended analysis, commentary, and discussion. Inside Himmler by Walter Laqueur Published: October 4, INFILTRATION By Albert Speer. Translated by Joachim Neugroschel. pp. New York. Berthold Konrad Hermann Albert Speer was a German architect who was, for most of World He wrote a third book, Infiltration, about the SS. Speer died of a.

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Speer was Adolf Hitler ‘s chief architect before assuming ministerial office. As “the Nazi who said sorry”, [b] he accepted moral responsibility at the Nuremberg trials and in his memoirs for complicity in crimes of the Nazi regime, while insisting he had been ignorant of the Holocaust.

Speer joined the Nazi Party inlaunching himself on albfrt political and governmental career which lasted fourteen years. His architectural skills made him increasingly prominent within the Party and he became a member of Hitler’s inner circle.

Hitler instructed him to design and construct structures including the Reich Chancellery and the Zeppelinfeld stadium in Nuremberg where Party rallies were held. Speer also made plans to reconstruct Berlin on a grand scale, with huge buildings, wide boulevards, and a reorganized transportation system. After the war, he was tried at Nuremberg and sentenced to 20 years in prison for infiltragion role in the Nazi regime, principally for the use of forced labor.

Despite repeated attempts to gain early release, he served his full sentence, most of it at Spandau Prison in West Berlin.

Following his release inSpeer published two bestselling autobiographical works, Inside the Third Reich and Spandau: The Secret Diariesdetailing his close personal relationship with Hitler, and providing readers and historians with a unique perspective on the workings of the Nazi regime.

He wrote a third book, Infiltrationabout the SS. Speer died of a stroke in while visiting London. Speer was born in Mannheiminto an upper-middle-class family. Kingdeputy prosecutor at Nuremberg who later wrote a book about Speer, “Love and warmth were lacking in the household labert Speer’s youth. Speer’s Heidelberg school offered rugby footballunusual for Germany, and Speer was a participant. Speer began his architectural studies at the University of Karlsruhe instead of a more highly acclaimed institution because the hyperinflation crisis of limited his parents’ income.

INFILTRATION: The SS and German Armament by Albert Speer | Kirkus Reviews

In mid, Speer began courting Margarete Margret Weber —the daughter of a successful craftsman who employed 50 workers. The relationship was frowned upon by Speer’s class-conscious mother, who felt that the Webers infilrration socially inferior.

Despite this opposition, the two married in Berlin on August infiltratiob, ; seven years elapsed before Margarete Speer was invited to stay at her in-laws’ home. InSpeer surrendered his position as Tessenow’s assistant and moved to Mannheim. His father gave him a job as manager of the elder Speer’s properties. While they were there, his friend, Nazi Party official Karl Hankerecommended the young architect to Joseph Goebbels to help renovate the Party’s Berlin headquarters.

Speer agreed to do the work. The organizers of the Nuremberg Rally asked Speer to submit designs for the rally, bringing him into contact alebrt Hitler for the first time. Neither the organizers nor Rudolf Hess were willing to decide whether to approve the plans, and Hess sent Speer to Hitler’s Munich apartment to seek his approval.

Shortly after Hitler had come into power, he had started to make plans to rebuild the chancellery. At the end of he contracted Paul Troost to renovate the entire building.

speee Hitler appointed Speer, whose work for Goebbels had impressed him, to manage the building site for Troost. After one of these briefings, Hitler invited Speer to lunch, to the architect’s great excitement. Speer quickly became part of Hitler’s inner circle; he was expected to call on Hitler in the morning for a walk or chat, to provide consultation on architectural matters, and to discuss Hitler’s ideas.

Most days he was invited to dinner. The two men found much in common: Hitler spoke of Speer as a “kindred spirit” for whom he had always maintained “the warmest human feelings”.

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If Hitler had had any friends at all, I certainly would have been one of his close friends. Hitler appointed Speer as head of the Chief Office for Construction, which placed him nominally on Hess’s staff. This huge work was able to holdpeople. Speer described this as his most beautiful work, and as the only one that stood the test of time. Such ruins would be a testament to the greatness of Nazi Germany, just as ancient Greek or Roman ruins were symbols of the greatness of those civilizations.

When Hitler deprecated Werner March ‘s design for the Olympic Stadium for the Summer Olympics as too modernSpeer modified the plans by adding a stone exterior. The German and Soviet pavilion sites were opposite each other. On learning through a clandestine look at the Soviet plans that the Soviet design included two colossal figures seemingly about to overrun the German site, Speer modified his design to include a cubic mass which would check their advance, with a huge eagle on top looking down on the Soviet figures.

The position carried with it extraordinary powers over the Berlin city government and made Speer answerable to Hitler alone.

The plans centered on a three-mile long grand boulevard running from north to south, which Speer called the Prachtstrasseor Street of Magnificence; [38] he also referred to it as the “North-South Axis”. The outbreak of World War II in led to the postponement, and later the abandonment, of these plans.

All the while plans to build a new Reich chancellery had been underway since In June he charged a personal honorarium of 30, Reichsmark and estimated that the chancellery would be completed within three to four years. Speer reiterated this claim in his memoirs to show that he had been up to that supposed challenge, [46] and some of his biographers, most notably Joachim Fest, have followed that account.

Inside Himmler – INFILTRATION By Albert Speer

Because of shortages of labor, the construction workers had to work in two ten- infiltfation twelve-hour shifts to have the chancellery completed by early January During the war the chancellery was destroyed, except for the exterior walls, by air raids and in the Battle of Berlin in It was eventually dismantled by the Soviets.

During the Chancellery imfiltration, the pogrom of Kristallnacht took place. Speer made no mention of it in the first draft of Inside the Third Reichand it was only on the urgent advice of his publisher imfiltration he added a mention infiltartion seeing the ruins of the Central Synagogue in Berlin from his car.

Speer was under significant psychological pressure during this period of his life. Soon after Hitler had given me the first large architectural commissions, I began to suffer from anxiety in long tunnels, in airplanes, or in small rooms. My heart would begin to race, I would infiltratikn breathless, the diaphragm would seem to grow heavy, and I would get the impression that my blood pressure was rising tremendously Anxiety amidst all my freedom and power!

Speer supported the German invasion of Infltration and subsequent warthough he recognized that it would lead to the postponement, at the least, of his architectural dreams. That was the whole point of my buildings. They would have looked grotesque if Hitler had sat still in Germany.

All I wanted was for this great man to dominate the globe. Speer placed his department at the disposal of the Wehrmacht. When Hitler remonstrated, and said it was not for Speer to decide how his workers should be used, Speer simply ignored him. InJoseph Stalin proposed that Speer pay a visit to Moscow. Stalin had been particularly impressed by Speer’s work in Paris, and wished to meet the “Architect of the Reich”.

Hitler, alternating between amusement and anger, did not allow Speer to go, fearing that Innfiltration would put Speer in a “rat hole” until a new Moscow arose. On February 8,Minister of Armaments Fritz Todt died in a plane crash shortly after taking off from Hitler’s eastern headquarters at Rastenburg. Speer, who had arrived in Rastenburg the labert evening, had accepted Todt’s offer to infiltratioj with him to Berlin, but had cancelled some hours before takeoff Speer stated in his memoirs that the cancellation was because of exhaustion from travel and a late-night meeting with Hitler.

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Later that day, Hitler appointed Speer as Todt’s successor to all of his posts. In Inside the Third ReichSpeer recounts his meeting with Hitler infilltration his reluctance to take ministerial office, saying that he only did so because Hitler commanded it.

At the time of Speer’s accession to the office, the German economy, unlike the British one, was not fully geared for war production. Inviltration goods were still being produced at nearly as high a level as during peacetime. No fewer than five “Supreme Authorities” had jurisdiction over armament production—one of which, the Ministry of Economic Affairs, had declared in November that conditions did not permit an increase in armament production.

Few women were employed in the factories, which were running only one shift. One evening soon after his appointment, Speer went to visit a Berlin armament factory; he found no one on the premises.

Speer overcame these difficulties by centralizing power over the war economy in himself. Factories were given autonomy, or as Speer put it, “self-responsibility”, and each factory concentrated on a single product. No infiltratioon head could be older than 55—anyone older being susceptible to “routine and arrogance” [63] —and no deputy infiltratuon than Over these departments was a central planning committee headed by Speer, which took increasing responsibility for war production, and as time went by, for the German economy itself.

Albert Speer

He can interfere in all departments. Already he overrides all departments On the whole, Speer’s attitude is to the point.

He is truly a genius with organization. While Speer had tremendous power, he was of course subordinate to Hitler. Nazi inciltration sometimes went around Speer by seeking direct orders from the dictator.

When Speer ordered peacetime building work suspended, the Gauleiters Nazi Party district leaders obtained an exemption for their pet projects. When Speer sought the appointment of Hanke as a labor czar to optimize the use of German and slave labor, Hitler, under the influence of Alberh Bormanninstead appointed Fritz Sauckel.

Speer claimed after the war that he had been shocked by the conditions there 5. Bythe Allies had gained air superiority over Germany, and bombings of German cities and industry had become commonplace.

However, the Allies in their strategic bombing campaign did not concentrate on industry, and Speer was able to overcome bombing losses.

In spite of these losses, German production of inifltration more than doubled inproduction of planes increased by 80 percent, and production alnert for Kriegsmarine ‘s submarines was reduced from one year to two months.

Production would continue to increase until the second half of Speer claimed that SS chief Heinrich Himmler tried to have him physically isolated by having Himmler’s personal physician Karl Gebhardt treat him, though his “care” did not improve his health.

Speer’s case was transferred to his friend Dr. Karl Brandtand he slowly recovered. Its aim was to ensure the preservation and growth of fighter aircraft production. Speer and Milch played a key role in directing the activities of the agency, while the day-to-day operations were handled by Chief of Staff Karl Saurthe head of the Technical Office in the Armaments Ministry. Production of German fighter aircraft was more than doubled from to In April, Speer’s rivals for power succeeded in having him deprived of responsibility for construction.

Speer sent Hitler a bitter letter, concluding with an offer of his resignation.